When few months are left for UPPSC Prelims 2021, it becomes very important for every aspirant to be on their toes and follow an organized plan which will help them clear this exam and keep them at ease during the preparation phase.
UPPSC Target PT in 90 Days Planner will provide you with a daily time table, which will comprise of the following:
British Rule in India
The Conquest of Mysore
The First Mysore War
The Second Mysore War (1780-1784 A.D.)
The Third Mysore War (1790-1792 A.D.)
According to this treaty
Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799 A.D.)
The First Anglo-Maratha War (1775-1782 A.D.)
The Second Maratha War (1803 A.D. – 1805 A.D.)
The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 A.D.-1818 A.D.)
Causes of Maratha Failure
The First Sikh War
The Second Sikh War
Apart from wars, several Governor Generals followed other methods to ensure the Company’s supremacy in India.
The Revolt of 1857:
The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule.
Causes of the Revolt
Social and Religious Causes
Main events of the revolt
Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. The Indian sepoys in Meerut murdered their British officers and broke open the jail. On May 10, they marched to Delhi.
Capture of Delhi
Fall of Delhi
Centres of the revolt
The revolt spread over the entire area from the neighborhood of Patna to the borders of Rajasthan. There were six main centres of revolt in these regions namely Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Gwalior and Arrah in Bihar.
Suppression of the Revolt:
The Revolt of 1857 lasted for more than a year. It was suppressed by the middle of 1858. On July 8, 1858, fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut, peace was finally proclaimed by Canning.
Causes of the failure of the revolt:
No Effective Leaders:
No Participation of the Middle Class:
Results of the revolt
Raja Rammohan Roy
Henry Vivian Derozio and the young Bengal movement
Keshab Chandra Sen
Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar
Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa
The Ramakrishna Mission
DayanandSaraswati and the AryaSamaj
The Theosophical Society and Annie Besant
Syed Ahmad Khan
Literature and the Press
An analysis of the reform movements of the 19th century brings out several common features:
Many reformers like Dayanand Saraswati and Vivekananda upheld Indian philosophy and culture. This instilled in Indians a sense of pride and faith in their own culture. Female education was promoted. Schools for girls were set up. Even medical colleges were established for women. This led to the development, though slow, of girls’ education. The cultural and ideological struggle taken up by the socio-religious movements helped to build up national consciousness. They, thus, paved the way for the growth of nationalism.
90 Days Planner (Day 20 History- British Rule in India)