UPPSC Target PT 90 days Planner

When few months are left for UPPSC Prelims 2021, it becomes very important for every aspirant to be on their toes and follow an organized plan which will help them clear this exam and keep them at ease during the preparation phase.

UPPSC Target PT in 90 Days Planner will provide you with a daily time table, which will comprise of the following:

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Day 25: Current Affairs + CSAT - Current Affairs & CSAT (Day 24 & 25)

CSAT 2

GI Tagged Products in Uttar Pradesh

Prayagraj

Surkha Guava (Agricultural)

  • “Allahabad sebiya” or “Allahabad surkha” as it is popularly known is an apple-shaped guava that is unique and different as compared to guavas grown in other parts of India.
  • This has a juicy succulent deep pink colour inside instead of the typical white colour and an apple-red exterior and hence, the name “surkha” (meaning red).

Lucknow

Chikan Craft (Handicraft)

  • The Chikan Craft is the transformation of the finest cotton and organdie fabrics into flowing yards of magic by the skillful artistic work of the artisans of Lucknow. The artisans combine thirty-two stitches, five derivatives with their imaginations of faith and natural surroundings, cultural ethos and traditions to shape this wonderful embroidery, which has attracted the attention of world. 
  • Patronized by the then Nawabs of Oudh, Moguls, it may be the first artistic work of India participated and awarded in the coronation exhibition held at London in 1911. The uniqueness of the product lies in the different stitches, motifs and the geometrical pattern followed by the artisans in the process of embroidery making. 
  • At present, more than 2.5 lakh artisans are making this embroidery on different products like Kurta, pyjama, kameez, shirts, ladies wear, sarees, home furnishings etc. In fact, the art style is unparalleled in its flexibility and versatility and has always permitted experimentation and encouraged innovation.

Malihabadi Dusseheri (Agricultural)

  • Hundreds of mango varieties are grown here, including the Chausa, Langda, Safeda, but most famousl is the Dusseheri, the "king of mangoes".
  • Mango grower and Padma Shri recipient Kaleem Ullah Khan has contributed to the popularization of Malihabad's mango industry.

Lucknow Zardozi (Handicraft)

  • Zardozi embroidery is beautiful metal embroidery, which once used to embellish the attire of the Kings and the royals in India. Zardozi embroidery work involves making elaborate designs, using gold and silver threads.
  • Chikankari is traditional embroidery done using a needle and several types of threads whereas Zari-Zardozi work is made with golden and shiny sequins and other decorative materials

Varanasi

Banaras Brocades and Sarees and Logo (Handicraft)

  • Banaras Brocade Sarees are made of finely woven silk and decorated with intricate designs using zari; this ornamentation is what makes the sarees heavy.
  • Their special characteristics are Mughal-inspired designs/elements such as intricate floral and foliate motifs, such as kalga and bel.
  • Other features are gold work, compact weaving, figures with small details, metallic visual effects, “jali” (a net-like pattern) and “meena” work. These are woven on the conventional Banaras hand loom jacquard, sometimes with “jala”, “pagia” and “naka” attachments for the creation of motifs.

Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft (Handicraft)

  • Meenakari, also called enamelling, is the art of decorating a metal surface by fusing mineral substances on it. Meenakari was introduced into India by the Mughals.
  • The process is often applied to kundan—articles of jewellery studded with gemstones set with a layer of gold foil between the stone and the mount on one side, while the reverse is lavishly enamelled using the meena technique. The lustre of the meena, the enamelled reverse side, increases over time due to contact with the wearer’s body and clothes.
  • The brilliance of the diamonds and other stones is effectively complemented by the multihued enamel of the meena. Varanasi, in Uttar Pradesh, is one of the oldest cities in India and has a very rich culture and history. It was the capital of the ancient Kashi region.
  • The present meenakar in Varanasi claimed that the position of the art of meenakari was prosperous till about hundred years ago.

Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware & Toys (Handicraft)

  • Varanasi and Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh are famous for their wooden lacquer ware and wooden toys. Designs are created with the natural veins of the wood. These toys are made without any joints, and are attractive and safe playthings for children. The craftsmen here claim to belong to the Kunder Kharadi Samaj.
  • This craft plays a pivotal role in the lives of the artisans, since when a child is born a new lathe is added to the family possessions. In fact, when a marriage is being fixed the boy’s family makes sure that the bride-to-be is familiar with the lathe.
  • Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh was once the largest toy producing centre in India. It is an ancient craft, where the toys are made from wood. Sets of birds, animals, musicians and dance ensembles are also available packed in boxes.

Banaras Metal Repouse Craft (Handicraft)

  • The ancient repoussé craft, considered to be even older than the Banarasi Silk handloom industry has flourished in the heritage city of Varanasi since the Vedic times. Traditional artisans use the repoussé technique to make faces of gods and goddesses, gold and silver dresses, traditional ornaments, doors, wall decorations in Temples and unique gold and silver utensils.
  • One of the most famous examples of metal repoussé craft is the golden spire of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Historical records say that this art was perfected in the Vedic era and continued to thrive in the Ramayana and Mahabharat period. Metal figures have been unearthed at archaeological excavations in Harappa and Mohenjo-daro.
  • Repoussé is an extremely innovative technique that offers diversity of expression and creativity. The technique involves a malleable metal that can be ornamented or shaped by hammering from the reverse side with a raised design getting formed in the front. This technique is economical as well as it allows maximum usage of the metal and its plasticity. This technique is referred to as embossing (Khal – Ubhar Ka Kam) or ‘chasing’ and secrets of this age-old craft has been preserved by the Kasera community for generations. This is completely handmade using traditional tools.
  • First, drawings of both traditional and modern patterns and designs are made by hand on paper. The metal sheet (gold, silver, copper, brass and white metal) from 18 to 26 gauge thickness is prepared and cut. The metal sheet is filled with lac and the design is transferred using traditional small tools. The paper design is removed and embossing work begins with the side which has to be depressed beaten down. The lac is then heated and melted.
  • The sheet is reversed and sections to be raised in the finished design are beaten outwards. The process is repeated 3 – 4 times so that all the details are incorporated. The product is washed in acid through an old method of cleaning. The artisan inspects the final work for quality and finishing.
  • This process is time-consuming but as one continuous metal surface of uniform thickness is used, the quality of the final product is excellent. Even heavy repoussé work on thin metal sheets has intricately detailed motifs, designs, figures, symbols, flowers and patterns. The stunning creations of doors, wall plates, religious embellishments, utensils, cultural symbols and figurines are in great demand in all places of worship in and around Varanasi as well as across India.
  • Records indicate that over 500 families of Kasera community are engaged in the production of these exquisite products. Banaras metal repoussé craft was awarded the Geographical Indication Tag (GI) in 2016.

Varanasi Glass beads (Handicraft)

  • Varanasi is one of India’s largest exporters of beads and bead products. Different types of beads are used to ornament various products like clothing, decorative items, curtains, purses, clothing accessories, jwellery and such like, and this trend is increasing rapidly. More than 2,000 artisans are involved in bead production and handicrafts in Varanasi, with most of them being concentrated in the areas of Chandpur, Kandwan and Ramnagar.
  • Glass, the major raw material required, is getting expensive and scarce. Better training and technology are also needed tt scale up this growing industry, since it has great potential. Major products include earrings, bracelets and neck pieces made out of multi coloured glass beads.

Varanasi Soft Stone Jali Work (Handicraft)

  • Jali or fretwork is intricately carved on soft stone and its process requires supreme mastery of masonry and design making. The Varanasi soft stone jali work epitomizes both high skill and superior quality of craftsmanship. Delicately chiselled and decorated with inlay work these elaborately carved jalis demand time in their making along with the skill and creativity of the masters.
  • In Varanasi the jali craft work can be seen on forts, zamindari homes, places of worship and ancient monuments all of which are a testimony of its antiquity. Statues of religious significance are also made using this technique. To further enhance the beauty of these sculptures they would be embedded with semi-precious stones and shell- work. Today small items of utility and decor are also produced such as table tops, boxes, coasters, trays, etc. Given their small size and the intricate work of jali making the Varanasi soft stone craft remains skill of the masters.

Bhadohi

Hand Made Carpet (Handicraft)

  • A prominent woven carpet is the hand-knotted carpet. This type of carpet is manufactured on a vertical wooden loom. Thick cotton and woollen yarns are used in the warp ends while wool is used in the width direction. These looms are equipped with a double layer of warp ends separator rods and platforms. Designs depicting flowers, animals, gardens, trees and trellises are used in various hues and ways to liven up these floor coverings.
  • The production process commences with the selection of woolen yarns which are generally bought from domestic and international circuits. The wool used in carpets varies according to the quality, design and style and so do the colours. Usually the best grade of Indian wool is used for medium quality carpets.

Ghazipur

Ghazipur Wall hanging (Handicraft)

  • Ghazipur wall hangings are interior decor items that are handcrafted in the small city of Ghazipur in Uttar Pradesh. These traditional handloom products are woven by skilled craftspeople using: blend of different colors. They combine different yarns including jute and cotton tc ensure not only strength but also an unusual unique texture. The use of differing textures also forms: part of the presentation of the patterning and design.
  • These Ghazipur wall decorative hangings are woven on the handloom and their intricate patterning, colors and designs have wide appeal. A large range of designs bears testimony to the skill of the weavers from representation of figures of Hindu gods and goddesses to intricate and detailed landscape arts with patterns of houses, lawns, forests, interiors, birds and animals.

Mirzapur

Handmade Dari (Handicraft)

  • The Mirzapur Handmade Durrie is one among a multitude of styles of floor coverings. They are defined essentially by the use of the “Panja” for weaving, and are also known for their fairly bold colours and patterns.
  • Mirzapur Handmade Durries are woven in a weft faced plain weave on simple horizontal looms. Wollen yarns are mostly used; this gives them a sturdy and flat appearance. The mix of traditional and contemporary designs is evidence of a high degree of workmanship. The uniqueness of Mirzapur Handmade Durrie lies in the fact that the whole process is entirely manual, starting from designing and weaving to finishing.

Chunar Balua Patthar (Natural)

  • It is the second GI tag under natural goods after Makrana Marble of Rajasthan.
  • It is a kind of reddish or buff-colored, finely grained, hard sandstone.

Agra

Agra Durrie (Handicraft)

  • A dhurrie (also dhurri or durrie or durry) is a thick flat-woven rug or carpet used traditionally in India as floor-coverings.
  • The concept of dhurrie is a little bit different from a rug or carpet, because they are used for bedding or packaging, not only as a floor covering.

Farrukhabad

Farrukhabad Prints (Handicraft)

  • One of the oldest and most famous industries that has flourished for more than a thousand years in Farrukhabad is the artistic cotton printing industry. India has long been considered to be a pioneer in the art of calico printing with many craftsmen across the country engaged in creating designs that are typical of their culture, history and heritage.
  • The characteristic ‘tree of life’ motif of Farrukhabad stamped on cloth and silk is one of the highest foreign exchange earners and this district is noted for its export quality silk and cotton prints.
  • Farrukhabad has two distinctive types of printing namely block printing and screen printing that is created with both natural dyes (derived from plants, animals and minerals) and synesthetic dyes.
  • The most popular colours used are yellow, blue and red with combinations of brown, green and orange. Yellow is obtained from turmeric and tesu flower, black from kasam, blue from indigo, red from manjistha, brown from khair, akhrot and babul, orange yellow from lal chandan, beige from fuel wood, mustard from marigold, golden from henna and green from a mixture of pomegranate tree bark and curd.

Siddharthnagar

Kalanamak Rice (Agricultural)

  • Outshining basmati Kalanamak, a non-basmati scented rice variety grown primarily in the tarai region of Uttar Pradesh, is so named because its husk is black. This variety has raised much hope amongst Indian farmers and rice-exporters due to traits superior even to the most preferred basmati.
  • Kalanamak is grown in the tarai belt of Uttar Pradesh bordering Nepal, which comprises districts of Siddharthnagar, Sant Kabir Nagar, Maharajganj, Basti, Gonda and Gorakhpur. The main cultivation centre used to be Siddharthnagar.
  • Once known as the 'pride of Purvanchal' , this rare variety of rice known for its rich aroma and exotic taste, has been shunned by farmers because of its low yield and non-profitability.

Firozabad

Firozabad Glass (Handicraft)

  • The artisans in this district are engaged in manufacturing glassware. They use a special traditional technique called ‘Mouth-Blowing’ for making various products such as lanterns, Christmas trees, kitchenware and various decorative items.
  • Approximately 20,000 artisans make a variety of glassware in the district.

Kannauj

Kannauj Perfume (Manufactured)

  • Kannauj has traditionally been a perfumery town for thousands of years. It is said that Kannauj is to India what Grasse is to France and that is a very significant indicator of the exemplary art of perfume-making that flourishes in the city. It is this great accomplishment that helped Kannauj perfumes receive the Geographical Indication tag in 2014 for its originality and mastery in the art of perfume-making.
  • The most famous fragrance is of petrichor known as mitti attar which means capturing the scent of rain which is a well-guarded secret between generations of families who are in this business. The natural perfume is free of alcohol and chemical except in some productions.

Kanpur

Kanpur Saddlery (Handicraft)

  • Roughly a hundred years ago, British officers living in Kanpur started the British India Corporation (BIC) in the ‘Harness Factory’ presently known as the ‘Ordnance Equipment Factory’ at Kanpur to cater to the needs of the British Army and Police. They taught local tanneries to make saddles for their horses. Years later, some of the big saddlery brands from Walsall in England which has traditionally been considered to be the world’s saddlery capital began to source products from Kanpur. The reason was very simple – rising costs forced saddlery makers in the West Midlands to outsource production to Kanpur in India and little did they know that one day Kanpur tanneries which is a remnant of the British Raj will catch up with the masters and possibly beat them to the race as well.
  • Premium harnesses and saddlery goods (horse riding and driving equipment) manufactured under the umbrella of small industries for over a hundred years in Kanpur has made it eligible for the Geographical Indication Tag (GI) in 2014. The superior quality and pristine finish of the saddlery goods made in Kanpur has made it the hub for saddlery products not only in India but also in Asia.
  • The saddlery industry comprises of products such as the saddle and the whip that is used to control the horse. This is a wide industry and a lot of products related to the horse are manufactured over here. As it is one of the main industries, a lot of workers in Kanpur are associated with it. The easy availability of raw material which is the skin of a buffalo is an added incentive. The best thing about the saddle industry is that it is pollution free and does not harm the environment. The workers are mainly involved in making the products by hand.

Moradabad

Moradabad Metal Craft (Handicraft)

  • Moradabad is known as the ‘Brass City’. The designs made on the brass products here display culture, heritage, history and diversity. The patterns and designs used for decorating these items are inspired from a variety of sources, varying from Hindu Gods and Goddesses to paintings of the Mughal Era.
  • The district has domestic units as well as large industries engaged in the manufacture of metal goods. The work of washing, shaping and polishing handicraft metal items is carried out in the domestic units. The exporters in Moradabad have now begun to work with other metals like aluminium, stainless steel, iron etc.

Saharanpur

Saharanpur Wood Craft (Handicraft)

  • Wood craft, which is the main handicraft of this district, is about 400 years old. These products are famous for their beautiful and intricate designs and carvings. Sheesham wood is the main raw material used in this industry.
  • The export of wood carving furniture and handicraft products to various countries is carried out by exporting units in the district. This industry has given a boom to self-employment in the region on small scale and has also generated number of employment in the district directly or indirectly.

Meerut

Meerut Scissors (Manufactured)

  • Meerut’s scissors manufacturing is a 350-year-old cottage industry and locals say that a resident blacksmith by the name of Akhunji is said to have combined two swords to cut leather in 1645 during the Mughal period creating the first pair of scissors in India.
  • Scissors manufacturing is essentially a family business here in Meerut catering to both domestic and overseas market. Scissors manufacturers collected historic evidence for over two years and provided the Geographical Indication Tag Committee (GI) with printed packing material, copy of Gazette and other evidences to support their claim that the scissors first originated here in the country and represented their case in front of the GI committee that examines documents before being declared as the country’s first GI scissors in 2013.
  • A noteworthy specialty of these scissors is unlike most other scissors, these scissors can be repaired and reused many times. A popular idiom “Dada le, potaa barte” (bought by the grandfather, and still used by grandson”) floats in Meerut and stands testimony to its innovation, quality and durability.

Bulandshahar

Khurja Pottery (Handicraft)

  • Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.
  • Traditional pottery in Khurja of Bulandshahar dates back to the reign of King Feroz Shah Tuqhlaq. It began with display of blue art on ceramic pots. The district has around 350 units in pottery industry. These units generate direct and indirect employment.

Azamgarh

Nizamabad Black Pottery (Handicraft)

  • Black Pottery is made in Nizamabad area of Azamgarh district from a special type of soil which is used for this craft. Around 200 artisans are engaged in making black pottery here. A variety of products, including vases, utensils etc. are made by them. There is a high demand for this craft for decorative as well as utility items.
  • The potters make tea-pots, sugar-bowls and other decorative articles. The earthen wares and statues of Gods and Goddesses particularly of Ganesh, Laxmi, Shiva, Durga and Saraswati are also made. These products are popular during fairs and festivals. This particular smooth black clay is plentifully available in the district. The black look is obtained by dipping the pot into the solution of clay and vegetable. After that for better look they use mercury, raanga and lead.

Gorakhpur

Gorakhpur Terracotta (Handicraft)

  • Terracotta is a unique and special kind of ceramic craft. It is the term normally used for sculptures made in earthenware, and also for various utilitarian products including vessels (notably flower pots), water and waste water pipes, roofing tiles, bricks, and surface embellishment in building construction.
  • Traditionally, what makes it different from other terracotta crafts is that it involves ornamentation, use of natural colours / dyes and experimentation with innovative shapes. The raw material used for this craft is a type of soil available locally. It gives the item a natural colour. Around 200 households are engaged in this work.

GK through MAP (Snippets)

GI Tagged Products of Utter Pradesh

GI Tagged Products of Utter Pradesh

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