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CLC reviews implementation of Labour Laws and new Labour Codes

  • Posted By
  • Categories
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    21st Jul, 2021


Chief Labour Commissioner and DG Labour Bureau reviewed the status of sensitization and implementation of labor laws and labor codes at Zojila Pass and Kargil.

  • The review of implementation was conducted in lieu to enquire about the prevailing labor issues at their project sites.

About the Labour Laws and new Labour Codes

  • Labour falls under the Concurrent List of the  
  • Therefore, both the Parliament and state legislatures can make laws regulating labor.  

Reforms in the sector

  • The Second National Commission on Labour (2002) (NCL) found existing legislation as complex, with archaic provisions and inconsistent definitions.
    • The NCL recommended the consolidation of central labor laws into broader groups such as (i) industrial relations, (ii) wages, (iii) social security, (iv) safety, and (v) welfare and working conditions. 
  • The central government proposes to replace 29 existing labor laws with four Codes.  The objective is to simplify and modernize labor regulation.

Labour Codes

Acts being subsumed

Code on Wages, 2019

  • Payment of Wages Act, 1936
  • Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  • Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
  • Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

Occupational Safety, Health, and Working Conditions Code, 2019

  • Factories Act, 1948
  • Mines Act, 1952
  • Dock Workers (Safety, Health, and Welfare) Act, 1986
  • Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996
  • Plantations Labour Act, 1951
  • Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970
  • Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979
  • Working Journalist and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service and Miscellaneous Provision) Act, 1955
  • Working Journalist (Fixation of Rates of Wages) Act, 1958
  • Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961
  • Sales Promotion Employees (Condition of Service) Act, 1976
  • Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966
  • Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981
  • Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Industrial Relations Code, 2019

  • Trade Unions Act, 1926
  • Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946

Code on Social Security, 2019

  • Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 
  • Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
  • Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923
  • Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
  • Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
  • Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
  • Cine-workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
  • Building and Other Construction Workers’ Welfare Cess Act, 1996
  • Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, 2008


Value Addition

Major Mountain passes in North India

  • Jammu and Kashmir: Banihal Pass, Aghil Pass, Chang-La, Khardung La, Pir-Panjal pass, Zoji La
  • Himachal Pradesh: Bara Lacha la, Rohtang Pass, Shipki la, Debsa Pass
  • Uttarakhand: Lipulekh, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Muling La
  • Sikkim: Nathu la, Jelep La
  • Arunachal Pradesh: Bom Di La, Dihang Pass, Dipher Pass, Kumjawng Pass, Hpungan Pass, Chankan Pass