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Country’s First Private LNG Facility plant at Nagpur inaugurated

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    13th Jul, 2021

Context

The Government inaugurated the country’s first Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) facility plant at Nagpur.

About the new terminal

  • The LNG facility plant aims to reduce the dependence on import of petrol diesel and petroleum products which is a big challenge.
  • Furthermore, it will encourage development of imports substitute cost effective pollution free and indigenous ethanol, bio CNG, LNG and hydrogen fuels.

Key-facts about LNG

  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to a liquid state, at about -260° Fahrenheit, for shipping and storage.
  • The volume of natural gas in its liquid state is about 600 times smaller than its volume in its gaseous state.
  • This liquefactionprocess (developed in the 19th century), makes it possible to transport natural gas to places natural gas pipelines do not reach and to use natural gas as a transportation fuel.

Natural Gas

  • Natural gas is the lightest hydrocarbon, with one carbon atom for 4 hydrogen atoms (CH4).
  • Its combustion does not emit soot, dust or fumes.
  • It generates 30% less carbon dioxide (CO2) than fuel oil and 45% less than coal, with a twofold reduction in nitrogen oxide (N0x) emissions and very low sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions.