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Himalayan Brown Bear

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    26th Oct, 2020

  • The recent study by the Zoological Survey of India on Himalayan Brown Bear says that its suitable habitat is a declining.
  • The Himalayan Brown Bear is one of the largest carnivores in the highlands of Himalayas.
  • The study predicts that a massive habitat decline is to occur in the region.
  • The habitat of Himalayan Brown Bear is to decline from 73.38% to 72.87% by 2050. This will impact 13 protected areas. Of these, eight of them are to become completely uninhabitable by 2050.
  • The Himalayan Brown Bear has been considered for the study as it is the top carnivore in the Himalayan region. The belts where the brown bears are distributed are getting warmer than the other zones of Himalayas.
  • The top carnivores are those animals that are in the top of the pyramid. They prey on other organisms and are not preyed on.
  • They help to balance the ecosystem by making sure, no single creature dominates an ecosystem. If the population of top carnivore declines, the entire ecosystem will collapse soon.
  • They are categorized as “Critically Endangered” by the IUCN Red list of Threatened Species in Himalayas and Hindukush. In the rest of the world, the brown bear is categorized as “Least Concern” by the IUCN.
  • International trade of brown bear is prohibited under wildlife Protection Act.
  • The brown bear is found in 23 protected areas in the Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir.

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