Current Affairs

India test-fires sea-to-sea variant of BrahMos missile

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    Science & Technology
  • Published
    13th Jan, 2022


India successfully test-fired a naval variant of advanced supersonic BrahMos cruise missile from a stealth guided-missile destroyer INS Visakhapatnam.


  • The sea-to-sea variant of the missile was test fired at the maximum range and it hit the target ship with pinpoint accuracy.
  • The missile hit the designated target ship precisely.

The new version

  • The naval variant was originally tested in October and December 2020 from the Navy’s indigenously-built stealth destroyer INS Chennai and Rajput-class destroyer INS Ranvijay, respectively.
  • This version of the missile has been designed to launch either in a vertical or a horizontal mode from moving/stationary assets to target both land and sea targets. 
  • The missiles, fired at a speed of 2.8 Mach or nearly three times the speed of sound, significantly increase the capability of the ships in engaging long-range targets.

What is a BrahMos Supersonic Missile?

  • The state-of-the-art cruise missiles are designed and produced by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia. 
  • The name BrahMos comes from combining the names of India’s Brahmaputra and Russia’s Moskva rivers.
  • The world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile, BrahMos is a part of the arsenal of all three arms of the Indian defence forces - Army, Navy, and Air Force.

Significance of the missile

  • The missile has been a major deterrent in modern-day battlefields.
  • The multi-role and multi-platform supersonic missile system have proven its mettle against the sea, land, as well as air targets and, has been deployed in all three arms of the Indian armed forces.
  • Launched in 2001, the system has been successfully launched from Sukhoi-30MKI aircraft, various ships of the Indian Navy as well as from mobile autonomous launchers. 
  • Its accuracy and ability to integrate with all three services make it one of the most versatile weapon systems in the country.