In the backdrop of setbacks, especially in the neighbourhood, India has to reconsider its diplomacy’s trajectory.
The foreign policy of India or any country is shaped by two factors i.e. domestic and international factor. Domestically, India’s history, culture, geography and economy have played an important role in determining the objectives and principles of India’s foreign policy whereas international factor is characterized by cold war in which there was rivalry between NATO and the Warsaw Pact, Thus the establishment of United Nations, arms race, particularly nuclear arms race, anti-colonialism and anti-imperialism etc. have also influenced the priorities and objectives of our foreign policy. The first Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, gave due consideration to these factors and played a leading role in shaping the country’s foreign policy.