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Need to strengthen Inter-State Council

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    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    18th Jun, 2022


Tamil Nadu Chief Minister wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, asking that at least three meetings of the Inter-State Council should be held every year to “strengthen the spirit of cooperative federalism”.

What is the Inter-State Council?

  • It is a mechanism that was constituted “to support Centre-State and Inter-State coordination and cooperation in India”. 
  • The Inter-State Council was established under Article 263 of the Constitution, which states that the President may constitute such a body if a need is felt for it. 
  • The Council is basically meant to serve as a forum for discussions among various governments.
  • In 1988, the Sarkaria Commission suggested the Council should exist as a permanent body, and in 1990 it came into existence through a Presidential Order.
  • The Prime Minister is the chairman of the Council, whose members include the Chief Ministers of all states and UTs with legislative assemblies, and Administrators of other UTs. Six Ministers of Cabinet rank in the Centre’s Council of Ministers, nominated by the Prime Minister, are also its members.


The main functions of the Council are

  • inquiring into and advising on disputes between states
  • investigating and discussing subjects in which two states or states and the Union have a common interest
  • making recommendations for the better coordination of policy and action

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