Current Affairs
Daily Bits

New high-yielding and pest-resistant variety of soybean: MACS 1407

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    1st May, 2021

Context

Indian Scientists have developed a high-yielding and pest-resistant variety of soybean called MACS 1407.

About the new variety

  • Scientists developed MACS 1407 by using the conventional cross breeding technique.
  • The new variety gives 39 quintals per hectare making it a high yielding variety.
  • It is also resistant to major insect-pests like girdle beetle, leaf miner, leaf roller, stem fly, aphids, white fly and
  • Its thick stem, higher pod insertion (7 cm) from ground, and resistance to pod shattering make it suitable even for mechanical harvesting.
  • MACS 1407 require an average 43 days for 50 % flowering and take 104 days to mature from the date of sowing. It has white coloured flowers, yellow seeds and black hilum.
  • Its seeds have 19.81 % oil content, 41 % protein content and show good germinability.

Where it can be grown?

  • This newly developed variety is suitable for cultivation in the states of Assam, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and North-Eastern states.
  • Its seeds will be made available to farmers for sowing during the 2022 Kharif season.

Soybean production in India

  • In 2019, India produced around 90 million tons of soybean.
  • India is striving to be among the world’s major producers of soybean.
  • It is widely cultivated as oil seeds as well as a cheap source of protein for animal feed and many packaged meals.