New high-yielding and pest-resistant variety of soybean: MACS 1407
- Posted By
Science & Technology
1st May, 2021
Indian Scientists have developed a high-yielding and pest-resistant variety of soybean called MACS 1407.
About the new variety
- Scientists developed MACS 1407 by using the conventional cross breeding technique.
- The new variety gives 39 quintals per hectare making it a high yielding variety.
- It is also resistant to major insect-pests like girdle beetle, leaf miner, leaf roller, stem fly, aphids, white fly and
- Its thick stem, higher pod insertion (7 cm) from ground, and resistance to pod shattering make it suitable even for mechanical harvesting.
- MACS 1407 require an average 43 days for 50 % flowering and take 104 days to mature from the date of sowing. It has white coloured flowers, yellow seeds and black hilum.
- Its seeds have 19.81 % oil content, 41 % protein content and show good germinability.
Where it can be grown?
- This newly developed variety is suitable for cultivation in the states of Assam, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and North-Eastern states.
- Its seeds will be made available to farmers for sowing during the 2022 Kharif season.
Soybean production in India
- In 2019, India produced around 90 million tons of soybean.
- India is striving to be among the world’s major producers of soybean.
- It is widely cultivated as oil seeds as well as a cheap source of protein for animal feed and many packaged meals.