NITI Aayog releases National Multidimensional Poverty Index
- Posted By
Polity & Governance
1st Dec, 2021
Recently, the Government think-tank NITI Aayog has released the National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).
About Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
- MPI captures multiple and simultaneous deprivations faced by households.
- This baseline report of India’s first-ever national MPI measure is based on the reference period of 2015-16 of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)- 4.
- It uses the globally accepted and robust methodology developed by the
- Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Key-findings of the Index
- 51.91% of the population in Bihar is poor, followed by Jharkhand (42.16%), Uttar Pradesh (37.79%), Madhya Pradesh (36.65%) and Meghalaya (32.67%).
- Kerala registered lowest population poverty levels (0.71%), followed by Puducherry (1.72%), Lakshadweep (1.82%), Goa (3.76%) and Sikkim (3.82%).
- Other States and UTs where less than 10% of the population are poor include Tamil Nadu (4.89%), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (4.30%), Delhi (4.79%), Punjab (5.59%), Himachal Pradesh (7.62%) and Mizoram (9.8%).