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Periodic Labour Force Survey(PLFS) – Annual Report

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  • Categories
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    16th Jun, 2022


Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for 2020-21 was released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.


  • Decline in unemployment: The unemployment rate saw a decrease of 0.6% and fell to 4.2% in 2020-21, compared with 4.8% in 2019-20. 
    • This means that only 4.2% of adults who looked for jobs could not get any work in rural and urban areas of the country in 2020-21.
  • Rural and urban gap: Rural areas recorded an unemployment rate of 3.3% and urban areas recorded an unemployment rate of 6.7%.
  • Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR): The percentage of persons in the labour force that is working or seeking work or available for work in the population was 41.6% during 2020-21.
    • It was 40.1% in the previous year.
  • The Worker-Population Ratio (WPR): was 39.8%, an increase from 38.2% of the previous year.
    • WPR is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population.
  • The migration rate: Migrants are defined in the survey as a household member whose last usual place of residence, at any time in the past, was different from the present place of enumeration.
    • The migration rate according to the survey is 28.9%.
    • The migration rate among women was 48% and 47.8% in rural and urban areas, respectively.
  • Migration due to employment: only 4.4% of migration happened due to employment, which is a drastic reduction from the 10% in 2011.

About Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

  • The PLFS is an annual survey conducted by the NSO.
  • Data Collection: There are two ways and they differ in terms of the reference period. 
    • Usual Status (US): In this approach, the survey ascertains whether a person had been employed for enough days in 365 days preceding the survey.
    • Current Weekly Status (CWS): In this, the survey tries to figure out whether a person was adequately employed in the seven days preceding the survey.
  • A low LFPR means the proportion of people in the working-age who seek to participate in the economy is considerably lower than other economies. The main culprit here is the extremely low LFPR for women in India.

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