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Poshan 2.0

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    3rd Sep, 2021

Context

Every year from 1 to 7 September, the National Nutrition Week is celebrated in India, to generate mass awareness about the need for pursuing nutrition and inculcate habits of healthy eating.

National Nutrition Week 2021: Theme

  • This year’s theme for National Nutrition Week is ‘Feeding Smart Right from Start’.
  • The union government has launched a programme for disseminating accurate information to generate public awareness by tapping into seminars and workshops.

National Nutrition: The Approach

  • The problem of malnutrition in the country, including the stunting and wasting in the children of age group under 5 years of age.
  • The government implements several schemes and programmes such as
    • Anganwadi Services
    • Scheme for Adolescent Girls
    • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme as direct targeted interventions. 
  • The government also set up POSHAN Abhiyaan, 

    • which aims to prevent and reduce the prevalence of stunting, underweight and anaemia among children (0-6 years).
    • Reduction in the prevalence of low birth weight in the country through ‘Jan Andolan’ involving Panchayati raj institutions/village organizations, among others.

Focus of the Poshan 2.0

  • The POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to make India a malnutrition-free country by 2022. 
  • The mission POSHAN 2.0 focuses on strengthening nutritional content, outreach, delivery, and outcomes by developing practices that improve health, wellness, and immune response to disease and malnutrition.
  • The focus is on the 1,000 days between a mother’s pregnancy and her child’s second birthday, prioritising women and girls, and addressing their nutritional deficiencies through fortification and provision of take-home rations.
  • It focuses on informing about the benefits of a nutritional diet, from the stage of birth by driving various initiatives.

Items for Box

  • The Global Hunger Index (2020) — which is calculated on the basis of total undernourishment of the population, child stunting, wasting and child mortality — places India at the 94th spot among 107 countries.
  • According to UNICEF’s data on India, nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to undernutrition.

Child malnutrition in India

  • The first National Family Health Survey (NFHS) in 1992-1993 found that India was one of the worst performing countries on child health indicators.

    • The survey reported that more than half the children under four were underweight and stunted. 
    • One in every six children was excessively thin (wasted).
  • India’s child malnutrition rates are still one of the most alarming in the world
  • The bane of child and maternal malnutrition is responsible for 15 per cent of India’s total disease burden.
  • The fourth round of NFHS, conducted in 2015-2016, found that the prevalence of underweight, stunted and wasted children under five was at 35.7, 38.4 and 21.0 per cent.
  • The fifth round of NFHS (2019-2021) from the 22 states surveyed so far, 
    • only nine showed a decline in the number of stunted children, 
    • 10 in wasted children
    • six in underweight children

Related Government Initiatives

  • Anemia Mukt Bharat Abhiyan
  • Mid-day Meal (MDM) scheme
  • The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)