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Red Sanders falls back in IUCN’s ‘endangered’ category

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    11th Jan, 2022


Red Sanders (Red Sandalwood) has fallen back into the ‘endangered’ category in the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List. 

About the Species

  • The species, Red Sandalwood (Pterocarpus santalinus), is an Indian endemic tree species, with a restricted geographical range in the Eastern Ghats.
  • The species is endemic to a distinct tract of forests in Andhra Pradesh. 
  • It was classified as ‘near threatened’ in 2018 and has now joined the ‘endangered’ list once again. 
  • It was a moment of celebration when the species was lifted off from the endangered category for the first time since 1997.
  • The latest IUCN assessment stated: “Over the last three generations, the species has experienced a population decline of 50-80 per cent. It is assessed as Endangered”.

IUCN’s Red List

  • The IUCN maintains a list — called the Red List — of flora and fauna species and categorises them based on their conservation status.
  • The status ranges from ‘least concern’ for the species that are abundant in numbers to ‘extinct’ for those that have completely disappeared from the planet. 
  • Species that come under ‘critically endangered’, ‘endangered’ and ‘vulnerable’ categories are considered threatened.