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Tirthan sanctuary, Great Himalayan National Park best performers among protected areas

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    12th January, 2021

Context

  • According to the Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE), Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary and Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh have performed the best among the surveyed protected areas.

Key-findings of the survey

  • Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) was done for the 146 national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the country.
  • According to the survey, Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary and Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh have performed the best among the surveyed protected areas.
  • The Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh was the worst performer in the survey.

What is Management Effectiveness Evaluation?

  • Management Effectiveness Evaluationof Protected Areas has emerged as a key tool that is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies.
  • It is used to understand strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems.

Protected Areas in India

  • India has systematically designated its Protected Areas in four legal categories — National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • Under this Act, India has 903 formally designated Protected Areas which is 5% of the total area.

The Great Himalayan National Park

  • The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), is one of India's national parks, is located in Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
  • In June 2014, the Great Himalayan National Park was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
  • The UNESCO World Heritage Site Committee granted the status to the park under the criteria of "outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation.
  • The park's valleys brings one into the high altitude habitat (3,500 m and above) of animals such as blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr, and musk deer. 
  • The Great Himalayan National Park adjoins the Tirthan wildlife sanctuary on the southern side.

Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh.
  • Tirthan wildlife sanctuary is one of the most magnificent sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh. It lies is Seraj forest division near Kullu town. The wildlife sanctuary was notified in 1976.
  • Khirganga, Hans Kund and MantalaiRaktiSar are the names of hot springs present in the region.
  • A part of the Tirthan Wildlife sanctuary also is a World Heritage Site. This national park is home to the snow leopard & rare pheasants like the Western Tragopan