Tirthan sanctuary, Great Himalayan National Park best performers among protected areas
- Posted By
12th Jan, 2021
- According to the Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE), Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary and Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh have performed the best among the surveyed protected areas.
Key-findings of the survey
- Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) was done for the 146 national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the country.
- According to the survey, Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary and Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh have performed the best among the surveyed protected areas.
- The Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh was the worst performer in the survey.
What is Management Effectiveness Evaluation?
- Management Effectiveness Evaluationof Protected Areas has emerged as a key tool that is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies.
- It is used to understand strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems.
Protected Areas in India
- India has systematically designated its Protected Areas in four legal categories — National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- Under this Act, India has 903 formally designated Protected Areas which is 5% of the total area.
The Great Himalayan National Park
- The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), is one of India's national parks, is located in Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
- In June 2014, the Great Himalayan National Park was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
- The UNESCO World Heritage Site Committee granted the status to the park under the criteria of "outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation.
- The park's valleys brings one into the high altitude habitat (3,500 m and above) of animals such as blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr, and musk deer.
- The Great Himalayan National Park adjoins the Tirthan wildlife sanctuary on the southern side.
Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary
- It is located in the Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh.
- Tirthan wildlife sanctuary is one of the most magnificent sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh. It lies is Seraj forest division near Kullu town. The wildlife sanctuary was notified in 1976.
- Khirganga, Hans Kund and MantalaiRaktiSar are the names of hot springs present in the region.
- A part of the Tirthan Wildlife sanctuary also is a World Heritage Site. This national park is home to the snow leopard & rare pheasants like the Western Tragopan