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Vertical Farming

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    28th Nov, 2020

What is vertical farming?

  • In vertical farming, crops are grown indoors, under artificial conditions of light and temperature.
  • Vertical farming uses significantly less water and pesticides than traditional agricultural methods.
  • It uses soil-less methods such as hydroponics, aquaponics and aeroponics.

What is its significance?

  • Being indoors, the crops aren't subject to seasons and hence give high productivity year-round.
  • Lettuces, tomatoes and green crops can be produced through this practice.
  • It aims at higher productivity in smaller spaces.
  • It is an eco-friendly type of agriculture as it uses significantly less water and pesticides.

Where it is practiced?

  • Japan has been one of the early pioneers in vertical farming.
  • It holds the largest share in the global vertical farming market.
  • In Japan, vertical farming is born out of necessity where traditional farming is losing, due to ageing population and rural migration.

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