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Vinoba Bhave Birth Anniversary

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    History & Culture
  • Published
    15th Sep, 2021


Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to Vinoba Bhave on his birth anniversary, saying he carried forward the noble Gandhian principles after India attained independence.

About Vinoba Bhave 

  • Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s original name was Vinayak Narahari Bhave.
  • Born Vinayak Narahari Bhave to Narahari Rao and Rukmini Devi, Vinoba Bhave had a deep sense of spiritualism instilled in him at a very young age by his religious mother.
  • He was born on September 11, 1895, in a Chitpav Brahmin family in Gagoda village of the Konkan area of Maharashtra. 
  • He had read the Bhagavad Gita in his early years and was drawn towards spiritualism and asceticism despite being an academically good student.
  • He learnt various regional languages and Sanskrit along with reading the scriptures.

Major contributions

  • He worked towards eliminating social inequities. He started the Sarvodaya Movement which meant ‘Progress for all’.
  • He also took part in nonviolent agitations against the British government, for which he was imprisoned.
  • He created the Brahma Vidya Mandir which was a small community of women enabling them to become self-sufficient.
  • In 1951, Bhave started the Bhoodan Movement in Pochampally, Telangana.
  • He authored several books and was well-versed in many languages including Marathi, Gujarati, Sanskrit, English, Urdu and Hindi.
  • He was awarded the Roman Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 1958. 
  • In 1983, he received the Bharat Ratna posthumously.
  • Vinoba Bhave died on 15 November 1982 due to a serious illness. 

Bhoodan movement

  • The Bhoodan Movement (Land Gift Movement) attempted to persuade wealthy landowners to voluntarily give a percentage of their land to landless people.
  • It is also known as the Bloodless Revolution was a voluntary land reform movement in India.

 How were Vinoba Bhave and Mahatma Gandhi related? 

  • Vinoba Bhave met Mahatma Gandhi in 1916.
  • He was chosen by Gandhi as the first individual Satyagrahi in a nonviolent movement in the year 1940.
  • After this event, the unknown Vinoba Bhave became known to the whole country.