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Dexamethasone What is Dexamethasone?

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    4th January, 2021
  • Dexamethasone is "the first drug to be shown to improve survival in COVID-19".
  • It is inexpensive and can be used immediately tosave lives worldwide.

What is its chemical nature?

  • Dexamethasone is a steroid drug.
  • Steroid tablets, also called corticosteroid tablets, are a type of anti-inflammatory medicine used to treat a range of conditions.

How it works?

  • It is typically used to reduce inflammation.
  • They can be used to treat problems such as allergies, asthma, eczema, inflammatory bowel disease and arthritis.
  • Steroid drugs reduce inflammation, which sometimes develops in COVID-19 patients as the immune system overreacts to fight the infection.
  • This overreaction can prove fatal, so doctors have been testing steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs in such patients.
  • Overall dexamethasone reduced the 28-day mortality rate by 17% with a highly significant trend showing greatest benefit among those patients requiring ventilation.

What are the other drugs used?

  • Other methods of treatment in the ongoing trial includes the HIV drug LopinavirRitonavir, antibiotic Azithromycin, anti-inflammatory treatment Tocilizumab, and Convalescent plasma.