India began cooperation with Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)
- Posted By
9th Aug, 2022
Recently, India began cooperation with Bahrain-based Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).
- In April this year, during the India-US 2+2 India announced that it would be joining the CMF as an associate partner, in order to strengthen cooperation in regional security in the western Indian Ocean.
- Last month, India formally commenced cooperation with the Bahrain-based multilateral partnership, Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).
- The modalities of the exact nature of cooperation were in place and they are now being worked out.
About Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)
- It is the US-backed counterterrorism coalition aimed at protecting international waters. It was established in 2002 with only 12 members.
- The coalition was formed with like-minded partners to counter the threat of international terrorism and uphold the international rules-based order.
- The coalition is headquartered in Bahrain.
- It is a multinational maritime partnership, which exists to uphold the Rules-Based International Order (RBIO) by countering illicit non-state actors on the high seas and promoting security, stability, and prosperity.
- CMF is Commanded by the U.S. Navy Vice Admiral, who also serves as Commander US Naval Forces Central Command (NAVCENT) and US Navy Fifth Fleet.
- All four commands are co-located at US Naval Support Activity Bahrain. In the immediate neighborhood.
- The deputy commander of the CMF-B is a commodore of the United Kingdom’s Royal Navy.
- It is comprised of four task forces-
- CTF 150 (maritime security and counter-terrorism)
- CTF 151 (counter-piracy)
- CTF 152 (Arabian Gulf security and cooperation)
- CTF 153 (Maritime security in the Red Sea & Gulf of Aden
- It is a flexible organization and members are not bound by either a political or military mandate.
- Counter-narcotics, counter-smuggling, suppressing piracy, encouraging regional cooperation, and engaging with regional and other partners to strengthen relevant capabilities in order to improve overall security and stability, and promoting a safe maritime environment free from illicit non-state actors.
- When requested, CMF assets at sea will also respond to environmental and humanitarian incidents.
Significance of CMF
- Protection of trade routes
- Curbing Illegal Fishing
- Participation in the CMF-B is voluntary — it’s mandated neither by a political agreement nor a military one.
- The coalition has 34 members from all across the world.
- Recently, India became an associate member of the maritime partnership.India is the 35th member of this grouping.
- Other Asian members (full members) include Pakistan, the Philippines, Seychelles, Singapore and Malaysia.