Indian sharks, rays and chimaeras face high risk of extinction
- Posted By
19th Dec, 2020
- According to the IUCN assessment, 11% of Indian sharks, rays and chimaeras face high risk of extinction.
What are the findings?
- It revealed that of the 170 species found across the oceans of the country, 19 (about 11%) are facing high risk of extinction.
- These are classified as Critically Endangered (CE).
What are the main threats?
- Overfishing and illegal fishing of sharksfor their fins is depleting populations worldwide.
- There is often a general lack of even basic management monitoring, control, and surveillance of many fisheries.
- There are six species of river sharks found in the world, out of which the Ganges sharkis endemic to India.
- It inhabits the River Hooghly in West Bengal, as well as the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi in the states of Bihar, Assam and Orissa.
- While some of the other river sharks are also known to inhabit saltwater.
- It is amongst the 20 most threatened shark species and is listed as a Critically Endangered species in the IUCN Redlist.
- It is protected under Schedule I, Part II A of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972.
- It is also known as ghost sharks, rat fish, spook fish and rabbit fish.