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International Day of Human Space Flight

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Science & Technology
  • Published
    14th Apr, 2021

Context

April 12th marked the 60 years of the first human space flight to explore the universe beyond the Earth.

About the International Day of Human Space Flight

  • Declaration: April 12 was declared as the International Day of Human Space Flight by the United Nations General Assembly in 2011.
  • It was started to mark the inception of the space era of mankind.
  • First human flight: On April 12, 1961, a Soviet cosmonaut named Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit the Earth.
  • Objective: It was started to celebrate each year as the beginning of the space ear for mankind.
  • To reaffirm the contribution of space science and technology
  • To ensure the aspiration for the use of outer space for the peaceful purpose

Indian Human Spaceflight Programme 

  • The Indian Human Spaceflight Programme was started in 2007by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • It aims to develop the technology that was needed to launch crewed orbital spacecraft into low Earth orbit.
  • The first uncrewed flight is planned with a spacecraft called Gaganyaan for December 2021on a GSLV Mark III rocket.
    • Later on, the manned flight will be launched.
  • India will become the fourth nation to conduct independent human spaceflight after Russia, United States, and China.