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Ladakh adopts Snow Leopard and Black-Necked Crane, as State animal and State bird

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    4th Sep, 2021

Context

Recently, Ladakh has adopted Snow Leopard and Black-Necked Crane, as State animal and State bird, two years after it was carved out as a separate Union Territory (UT) from the erstwhile State of J&K (Jammu and Kashmir).

About Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia)

  • Snow leopards have been categorised as “vulnerable” in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List.
  • Snow Leopard capital of the world: Hemis, Ladakh.
    • Hemis National Park is the biggest national park in India and also has a good presence of Snow Leopard.
  • Snow leopards act as an indicator of the health of the mountain ecosystem in which they live, due to their position as the top predator in the food web.

About Black-Necked Crane (Grus nicricollis) 

  • Black-Necked Crane have been categorised as “vulnerable” (Population decreasing).
  • In India, eastern Ladakh is the only known breeding ground for Black-necked cranes outside China. 
  • Black-necked cranes, considered loyal couples, are only found in Ladakh’s Changthang region.
  • The estimated population of Black-necked Crane in Ladakh region is between 80-100.
  • The global population is estimated to be around 6,000.
  • In Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, it only comes during the winters.
  • In Arunachal Pradesh, it can be seen in three areas: 
    • Sangti valley in West Kameng district
    • Zemithang in Tawang district
    • Chug valley in Tawang district

List of State Birds & Animals

State

Bird

Animal

Andhra Pradesh

Indian Roller

Black Buck

Arunachal Pradesh

Great Hornbill

Mithun

Assam

White-winged Wood Duck

One Horned Rhinoceros

Bihar

House Sparrow

Gaur

Chattisgarh

Hill Myna

Wild buffalo

Goa

Black-crested Bulbul

Gaur

Gujarat

Greater Flamingo

Asiatic Lion

Haryana

Black Francolin

Nilgai

Himachal Pradesh

Western Tragopan

Snow Leopard

Jammu & Kashmir

Black-necked Crane

Hangul

Jharkhand

Koel

Elephant

Karnataka

Indian Roller

Elephant

Kerala

Great Hornbill

Elephant

Madhya Pradesh

Paradise flycatcher

Swamp Deer

Maharashtra

Green Imperial Pigeon

Giant Squirrel

Manipur

Mrs. Hume's Pheasant

Sangai

Meghalaya

Hill Myna

Clouded Leopard

Mizoram

Mrs. Hume's Pheasant

Hillock Gibbon

Nagaland

Blyth's Tragopan

Mithun

Odisha

Peacock

Elephant

Punjab

Northern Goshawk

Blackbuck

Rajasthan

Indian Bustard

Camel

Sikkim

Blood Pheasant

Red Panda

Tamil Nadu

Emerald Dove

Nilgiri Tahr

Telangana

Chital

Indian roller

Tripura

Green Imperial Pigeon

Phayre's Langur

Uttrakhand

Himalayan Monal

Musk Deer

Uttar Pradesh

Sarus Crane

Swamp Deer

West Bengal

White Throated Kingfisher

Fishing cat