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Massive wildfire engulfs large parts of Dzuko valley on Nagaland-Manipur border

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Geography
  • Published
    5th January, 2021

Context

A large area of the Dzuko valley, situated on the border of Nagaland and Manipur, has been engulfed in a massive wildfire. Strong winds and ambient dryness are said to be the factors behind the fire.

About Dzuko valley

  • Dzuko valley is known for its scenic beauty, attracting tourists from around the world.
  • Also known as "the valley of the flowers", the valley is home to ‘Dzuko Lilies’ that aren’t found anywhere else.
  • Dzukou, about 30 km from Kohima, is a sanctuary for the endangered Blyth’s tragopan – Nagaland’s State Bird – and other species of birds and animals.

Forest fires in India

  • In India, around 95% of forest fires are human-caused activity, directly or indirectly.
  • In recent years, they have posed an increasing threat to humans and nature.
  • Increasing temperatures also means little or no moisture. This leaves dry leaves, weeds, and bushes—acting as fuel in the dry summer season—further increasing the chances of forest fires breaking out.
  • Small triggers such as fires ignited by farmers as an annual clearing process or bonfires, are a few of the many sparks that can create an inferno-like situation in just mere seconds—often becoming uncontrollable.

Why forest fires are essential?

  • Most of the fires are started for clearing farmlands in preparation of the next round of cultivation. This often helps to remove pests, diseased wood and invasive weeds.
  • Forest fires are also used to collect products such as Mahua flowers.