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NASA's Mars 2020 Perseverance rover

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    Science & Technology
  • Published
    1st Aug, 2020
  • NASA has recently launched its Mars 2020 Perseverance a fourth-generation rover.
  • This is the world’s third and final Mars launch of the summer (UAE’s Hope Probe and China’s Tianwen-1)
  • This Perseverance rover will carry a unique instrument, MOXIE or Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment.
  • It is for the first time will manufacture molecular oxygen on Mars using carbon dioxide from the carbon-dioxide-rich atmosphere.
  • If oxygen can be successfully extracted on Mars in some significant scale, this can have two direct advantages:
    • The oxygen can be used for human visitors to Mars, and second, the oxygen can be used to manufacture rocket fuel for the return journey.
  • Perseverance will carry Ingenuity, the first-ever helicopter to fly on Mars.
  • This is the first time NASA will fly a helicopter on another planet or satellite.
  • Perseverance is the planned first step to bring back rock samples from Mars for analysis in sophisticated laboratories on Earth.
  • U.S. is the only country to safely put a spacecraft on Mars
  • It is seeking its ninth successful landing on the planet