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National Solidarity Day 2022

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    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    21st Oct, 2022


India observes National Solidarity Day on 20th October every year. 

  • This day is observed to honour the Armed Forces.


  • On October 20, 1962, India’s northern neighbour, China dispatched an assault on the country’s borders.
  • During the following weeks, the world saw an inspiring show of fundamental solidarity, which was the solidarity of the Indian public.
  • Since then, India started observing National Solidarity Day on October 20 in the wake of the mortifying thrashing of the Indian military because of China in 1962.
    • Solidarity refers to an association of purposes, interests, or feelings among individuals from a gathering. World leaders and pioneers concurred in the Millennium Declaration that solidarity was highly essential for global relations in the 21st century. 

A board of trustees with then head administrator and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, among others, was associated with observing National Solidarity Day in 1966.

Sino – Indian War

  • The Sino-Indian War, also known as the Indo-China War and the Sino-Indian Border Conflict, was a 1962 battle between India and China.
  • The fundamental reason for it was a Chinese-contested Himalayan outskirt.
  • Following the 1959 Tibetan uprising, there had been a progression of vicious fringe engagements between the two countries when India conceded refuge to the Dalai Lama.
  • India then started a Forward Policy in 1960 to block Chinese military watches and coordination, in which it set up stations along the outskirts, including a few north of the McMahon Line.
  • Chinese military activity became increasingly forceful after India dismissed Chinese political settlements all through 1960 and 1962, with China re-initiating already prohibited ‘forward watches’ in Ladakh from 30th April 1962.
  • Finally, China deserted all endeavours of serene goal on 20th October 1962, attacking an area along the 3,225-kilometre-long Himalayan outskirt in Ladakh and over the McMahon Line.
  • Chinese soldiers progressed over Indian powers in the two theatres, capturing
    • Rezang La in Chushul in the western theatre
    • Tawang in the eastern theatre
  • The war ended when China declared a truce on 20th November 1962 and its withdrawal to its guaranteed ‘Line of Actual Control.’

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