National Solidarity Day 2022
- Posted By
Polity & Governance
21st Oct, 2022
India observes National Solidarity Day on 20th October every year.
- This day is observed to honour the Armed Forces.
- On October 20, 1962, India’s northern neighbour, China dispatched an assault on the country’s borders.
- During the following weeks, the world saw an inspiring show of fundamental solidarity, which was the solidarity of the Indian public.
- Since then, India started observing National Solidarity Day on October 20 in the wake of the mortifying thrashing of the Indian military because of China in 1962.
- Solidarity refers to an association of purposes, interests, or feelings among individuals from a gathering. World leaders and pioneers concurred in the Millennium Declaration that solidarity was highly essential for global relations in the 21st century.
A board of trustees with then head administrator and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, among others, was associated with observing National Solidarity Day in 1966.
Sino – Indian War
- The Sino-Indian War, also known as the Indo-China War and the Sino-Indian Border Conflict, was a 1962 battle between India and China.
- The fundamental reason for it was a Chinese-contested Himalayan outskirt.
- Following the 1959 Tibetan uprising, there had been a progression of vicious fringe engagements between the two countries when India conceded refuge to the Dalai Lama.
- India then started a Forward Policy in 1960 to block Chinese military watches and coordination, in which it set up stations along the outskirts, including a few north of the McMahon Line.
- Chinese military activity became increasingly forceful after India dismissed Chinese political settlements all through 1960 and 1962, with China re-initiating already prohibited ‘forward watches’ in Ladakh from 30th April 1962.
- Finally, China deserted all endeavours of serene goal on 20th October 1962, attacking an area along the 3,225-kilometre-long Himalayan outskirt in Ladakh and over the McMahon Line.
- Chinese soldiers progressed over Indian powers in the two theatres, capturing
- Rezang La in Chushul in the western theatre
- Tawang in the eastern theatre
- The war ended when China declared a truce on 20th November 1962 and its withdrawal to its guaranteed ‘Line of Actual Control.’