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New Ramsar Sites in India

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    5th Aug, 2022


India has designated 10 more wetlands as Ramsar sites, taking the total tally of Ramsar Sites in India to 64. 

  • The 10 new sites include Six (6) sites in Tamil Nadu and One (1) each in Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha.

About 10 New Ramsar Sites

  • These are the 6 sites in Tamil Nadu -
    • Koothankulam Bird Sanctuary.
    • Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve.
    • Vembannur Wetland Complex.
    • Vellode Bird Sanctuary.
    • Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary.
    • Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary.
  • Satkosia Gorge in Odisha.
  • Nanda Lake in Goa.
  • Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary in Karnataka.
  • Sirpur Wetland in Madhya Pradesh.

About Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

    • The Conservation and Sustainable use of Wetlands was signed at a city of Iran called Ramsar in 1971.
      • It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands.
    • Ramsar Convention is a convention on wetlands that was signed in 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar. 
      • The negotiations for the convention started in the 1960s by the different countries and NGOs for the protection of wetland habitats of migratory waterbirds. 
      • Finally, it came into force in 1975.
    • February 2 is celebrated as International Wetlands Day as the Ramsar Convention was signed on February 2, 1971.
    • The Ramsar Convention works with the collaboration of the following organizations:
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
    • Birdlife International.
    • International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
    • Wetlands International.
    • Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT)
    • WWF International
      • Under the “three pillars” of the Convention, the Contracting Parties commit to:
        • Work towards the wise use of all their wetlands.
        • Designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management.
        • Cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems, and shared species.

      Verifying, please be patient.