Current Affairs

NHRC commissions six studies on human rights issues

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Polity & Governance
  • Published
    24th Apr, 2021

Context

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) had commissioned six studies on human rights issues.

About the studies commissioned

  • NHRC commissioned studies on
  • on food security for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
  • extent of cyber exploitation of children
  • falling participation of women in the workforce
  • on inclusive education for persons with disabilities (PwD)
  • on substance abuse and mental health among the LGBT community in India
  • legal protection and working conditions of domestic workers

About National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

  • It is a Statutory public body which was formed 1993.
  • It was formed under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance in 1993.
  • It was given a statutory status by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (PHRA).
  • It is responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights.

Composition

The NHRC consists of

  • The Chairman and Five members (excluding the ex-officio members)
    • A Chairperson has been a Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court
    • One member should have been a Judge of the Supreme Court of India , or the Chief Justice of a High Court
    • The sitting Judge of the Supreme Court or sitting Chief Justice of any High Court can be appointed only after the consultation with the Chief Justice of Supreme Court.
    • Three Members, out of which at least one shall be a woman to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge of, or practical experience in, matters relating to human rights.
    • The Chairpersons of National Commissions viz., National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women , National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Backward Classes, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights; and the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities serve as ex officio members.

Functions of NHRC

  • It inquire into violations of human rights by government of India or negligence of such violation by a public servant
  • protection of human rights and recommends measures for their effective implementation
  • to study treaties and other international instruments on human rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation
  • to undertake and to promote research in the field of human rights
  • to visit jails and study the condition of inmates in jails
  • engage in human rights education among the various sections of society and to promote awareness of the safeguards available for the protection of these rights through publications, media, seminars and other available means