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October Storm in Bay of Bengal

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    22nd Oct, 2022


The first Tropical Cyclone of the post-monsoon season of 2022 is likely to form in the Bay of Bengal on October 24 and will be called Sitrang.

  • The last October cyclone in the Bay of Bengal was Titli in 2018.


  • The months of October-November and May-June see storms of severe intensity develop in the North Indian Ocean — comprising the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea — with an average of five developing in a calendar year. 
  • In the past 131 years, October saw 61 storms develop in the Bay of Bengal.
  • In comparison with the Bay of Bengal, only 32 storms have developed in the Arabian Sea in October since 1891.


  • After the withdrawal of the Southwest monsoon, there is a rise in ocean heating, which leads to rise insea surface temperature over the Bay of Bengal. 
  • The atmospheric moisture availability over the ocean region, too, is higher.
  • So, when remnant systems from the South China Sea reach the Bay of Bengal, they get conducive conditions, aiding the formation and intensification of cyclones in October,” 
  • In some years, ocean-atmospheric factors hinder this phenomenon. 
  • For instance, in 2020, weak La Nina conditions along the equatorial Pacific Ocean prevented a cyclonic formation near India’s coasts.

About Cyclone Sitrang

  • The name Sitrang (read Si-trang) has been given by Thailand, and features in the list of tropical cyclone names prepared by the  Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre (RSMC) being followed since April 2020. 


  • The prevailing low pressure system will strengthen and move towards India’s east coast in the coming four days.
  • Gale winds and enhanced rainfall are expected mainly over Andaman and Nicobar islands, Odisha, West Bengal and Bangladesh, particularly the coastal districts.

What is a Tropical cyclone?

  • It is a rapid rotating storm originating over tropical oceans from where it draws the energy to develop
  • It has a low pressure centre and clouds spiralling towards the eyewall surrounding the "eye", the central part of the system where the weather is normally calm and free of clouds.

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