Panna Tiger Reserve gets UNESCO’s ‘Biosphere Reserve’ Status
- Posted By
17th Nov, 2020
- Madhya Pradesh’s Panna National Park has been declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
About Panna National Park
- The Panna 'National Park' was initially set up in 1981.
- It received the status of a tiger reserve in the early 1990s when the "Project Tiger" was started and gradually the population of tigers started increasing.
- The Panna Tiger Reserve witnessed a remarkable growth in tiger population last year. The number of tigers increased to 50, from zero which was just a decade ago.
- The Tiger Reintroduction Project started in 2009 with five female and two male tigers from Bhandhavgarh and Kanha national parks.
- The reserve covers an area of approximately 542.67 sq km. The thick deciduous forest of this reserve is a natural habitat for sloths, Indian wolf, Bear pangolins, leopards, gharial, Indian fox and a lot more. It's also home to stone carvings that date back to the Neolithic era.
- Panna got the status of a Project Tiger Reserve 13 years after its formation in 1981. The All India Tiger Estimation reported that Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers.
- The state has a total of 526 tigers according to the 2018 census.
What is a Biosphere Reserve?
- According to the United Nations ( UN), a biosphere reserve is where the international agency tries to reconcile the differences between human activity and the preservation of biodiversity.
- Every year some are given the status of Biosphere reserves by UNESCO, while others are removed.
Significance of the development
- Every year UNESCO appoints new biosphere reserves and removes others to promote the conservation of biodiversity, resolve the man-animal conflict at that site and allow sustainable use of natural resources.
- This addition to the UNESCO list will help in exploring new measures towards the conservation of wildlife.