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Panna Tiger Reserve gets UNESCO’s ‘Biosphere Reserve’ Status

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    17th Nov, 2020
  • Madhya Pradesh’s Panna National Park has been declared a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve. 

About Panna National Park

  • The Panna 'National Park' was initially set up in 1981.
  • It received the status of a tiger reserve in the early 1990s when the "Project Tiger" was started and gradually the population of tigers started increasing.
  • The Panna Tiger Reserve witnessed a remarkable growth in tiger population last year. The number of tigers increased to 50, from zero which was just a decade ago.
  • The Tiger Reintroduction Project started in 2009 with five female and two male tigers from Bhandhavgarh and Kanha national parks.
  • The reserve covers an area of approximately 542.67 sq km. The thick deciduous forest of this reserve is a natural habitat for sloths, Indian wolf, Bear pangolins, leopards, gharial, Indian fox and a lot more. It's also home to stone carvings that date back to the Neolithic era.
  • Panna got the status of a Project Tiger Reserve 13 years after its formation in 1981. The All India Tiger Estimation reported that Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers.
  • The state has a total of 526 tigers according to the 2018 census.

What is a Biosphere Reserve?

  • According to the United Nations ( UN), a biosphere reserve is where the international agency tries to reconcile the differences between human activity and the preservation of biodiversity.
  • Every year some are given the status of Biosphere reserves by UNESCO, while others are removed.

Significance of the development

  • Every year UNESCO appoints new biosphere reserves and removes others to promote the conservation of biodiversity, resolve the man-animal conflict at that site and allow sustainable use of natural resources.
  • This addition to the UNESCO list will help in exploring new measures towards the conservation of wildlife.

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