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Telescope exploration inside the world’s deepest lake

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    Science & Technology
  • Published
    3rd Apr, 2021


Russian scientists launched Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes.

About the Baikal-GVD

  • The Baikal-GVD is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world.
  • The other two are the Ice Cube at the South Pole and ANTARES in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • The GVD is designed to detect high-energy neutrinos which may have come from the Earth’s core, or have been produced during nuclear reactions in the Sun.
  • The objective of the mission is to study the fundamental particles neutrinos and to determine their sources.
  • The construction of the telescope started in 2016.
  • The study will help understand the origins of the universe.

What are neutrinos?            

  • Neutrinos are the second most abundant subatomic particles in nature, after photons.
  • Neutrinos do not interact with each other as they do not carry any charge.
  • Like the other particles such as electrons, protons, and neutrons, they do not break further and are known as fundamental.

Why scientists try to find neutrinos in deep seawater?

  • These particles might have unique properties that would help to explain why the universe is made of matter instead of antimatter.
  • One method of detecting neutrinos is in water or in the ice where neutrinos leave a flash of light or a line of bubbles when they interact with each other.
  • Scientists have to build large detectors to detect these signs.

Lake Baikal

  • Lake Baikal is a rift lake that is located in southern Siberia, Russia.
  • Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world that contains 22 to 23% of the world's fresh surface water.
  • Lake Baikal was declared a World Heritage Site in 1996 by UNESCO.