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Union Budget 2021-22: deep ocean mission is launched

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    13th Feb, 2021

Context

Deep ocean mission is launched in Union Budget 2021-22, with a budget outlay of more than Rs 4,000 crores, over five years.

About the mission

  • This ambitious project will be managed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences(MoES).
  • This mission will cover deep ocean survey exploration and projects for the conservation of deep-sea biodiversity.

Targets of Mission

  • It outlines the development of technologies for underwater vehicles and robotics to assist deep-sea mining, for example-
    • polymetallic nodules
    • cobalt-rich manganese crust
    • hydrothermal deposits
    • gas hydrates
  • The mission also involves ocean climate advisories that envisage
    • to determine the extent ocean-atmosphere coupling influence
    • warming of the oceanic waters
    • nuanced research and data management
  • It also includes-
    • research on deep-sea biodiversity
    • deep ocean survey and exploration
    • energy and freshwater from the ocean
    • establishment of an advanced marine biology station at Go

Other ongoing programs under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES)

  • Ocean Services, Technology, Observations, Resources, Modelling and Science (O-STORMS)
  • Ocean Services, Modelling, Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART) project