Who are the Tharutribals of the UP terai?
- Posted By
8th Dec, 2020
- The Uttar Pradesh government has recently embarked upon a scheme to take the unique culture of its ethnic Tharu tribe across the world.
What is this scheme about?
- It is about connecting the Tharu villages in the districts of Balrampur, Bahraich, Lakhimpur, and Pilibhit bordering Nepal, with the homestay scheme of the UP Forest Department.
- The idea is to offer tourists an experience of living in the natural Tharu habitat, in traditional huts made of grass collected mainly from the forests.
- It will encourage villagers to acquaint them with aspects of safety and cleanliness, and with the rules of the forest.
- The intention is to put Tharu villages on the tourism map and to create jobs and bring economic independence to the tribal population.
Who are the Tharu people?
- The community belongs to the Terai lowlands, amid the Shivaliks or lower Himalayas.
- The Tharus live in both India and Nepal.
- In the Indian Terai, they live mostly in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar
- Most of them are forest dwellers and some practice agriculture.
- Members of the tribe survive on wheat, corn, and vegetables are grown close to their homes.
- A majority still lives off the forest.
What is about Tharu language, food, and culture?
- They speak various dialects of Tharu, a language of the Indo-Aryan subgroup, and variants of Hindi, Urdu, and Awadhi.
- In central Nepal, they speak a variant of Bhojpuri, while in eastern Nepal, they speak a variant of Maithili.
- Tharus worship Lord Shiva as Mahadev.
- Most Tharutribals consume alcoholic beverages, and some eat beef.