Recently, the Prime Minister inaugurated the International Dairy Federation World Dairy Summit (IDF WDS) 2022 at India Expo Centre and Mart in Greater Noida.
- Animal Base scheme: With the help of modern technology, biometric identification of animals is being done under the scheme 'Animal Base'.
- Database of dairy animals: India is building the largest database of dairy animals, and every animal associated with the dairy sector is being tagged.
- More than 1,000 startups set up in the agriculture and dairy sector in the last 5-6 years.
- Data on Indian dairy industry: Accounts for about 23 percent of global milk.
- It produces around 210 million tonnes annually, empowering more than 8 crore dairy farmers.
- Total value of dairy production in the country is about Rs 8.5 lakh crore which is more than the combined value of paddy and wheat production.
- Pashu dhan: The concept of ‘pashu dhan’ and occupations associated with milk has been an important part of the 1,000-year-old Indian culture.
- Indigenous vaccine for lumpy skin disease: Our scientists have developed an indigenous vaccine for lumpy skin disease. Efforts are also being made to control the disease by expediting testing and restricting the movement of animals.
- The theme of World Dairy Summit 2022 is “Dairy for Nutrition and Livelihood”.
Characteristics of the Indian dairy sector
- Small farmers: The highest contribution in this sector is from small farmers.
- Vast network of dairy cooperatives: Which are spread across 2-lakh villages involving 2-crore farmers.
- No middle men: There are no middle men in this system; more than 70 per cent of the money received from the customers goes directly to the farmers.
- Indigenous species: They can adapt to extreme climates.
- Role of women in the dairy sector: It is a unique feature of the Indian dairy sector. Women make up 70 per cent of the workforce in the sector.
- The sector provides livelihood to 8-crore families.
Initiatives Related to the Dairy sector
- Dairy Sahakar scheme
- Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM)
- National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)
- Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development (AHIDF)
- Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS)
- National Digital Livestock Mission(NDLM)
- Livestock Health & Disease Control (LH&DC) Scheme
- Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF) Scheme
- Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme
- Launching of Dairy mark
About International Dairy Agreement (IDA)
- The International Dairy Agreement (IDA) changed the International Dairy Arrangement, which was set up in 1980.
- Its primary feature is to extend and liberalize global exchange in dairy products through worldwide cooperation.
- The settlement terminated in 1997.
- An Arrangement regarding Dairy Products (Geneva, 12 January 1970), a treaty entered into through some nations, became set up to start with to set a minimal charge of skimmed milk powder to $20 according to 100 kilograms.
- The purpose is to extend the association to different dairy products.
- It additionally set up a control committee inside the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade framework to supervise the association.