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World Nature Conservation Day

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    29th Jul, 2022


World Nature Conservation Day is observed on 28th July to make our Environment and nature healthy.


  • World Nature Conservation Day is observed to increase awareness about the importance of preserving nature and natural resources in order to protect the Earth.
    • The world’s indigenous peoples are the best custodians of natural resources, especially forests and wildlife.

Aim of World Nature Conservation Day

  • It aims to create awareness about the need to preserve the environment and natural resources to keep the world healthy.
  • Saving plants and animals that are threatened with extinction.
  • Keeping the various components of nature, such as flora and fauna, energy resources, soil water and air intact.
  • This occasion recognizes the importance of a healthy and well-functioning environment is critical for sustaining a stable, productive human society.
  • It also underlines the need for preserving the environment for posterity.

What is Nature Conservation?

  • Conservation in general parlance refers to the wise use of the earth and its resources for the lasting good of mankind.
  • Earth’s natural resources include air, minerals, plants, soil, water, and wildlife.
  • Conservation is the care and protection of these resources so that they can be preserved for posterity. 
  • It includes maintaining the diversity of species, genes, and ecosystems, as well as functions of the environment, such as nutrient cycling.
  • Conservation is similar to preservation, but while both relate to the protection of nature, they strive to accomplish this task in different ways. 
  • Conservation seeks the sustainable use of nature by humans, for activities such as hunting, logging, or mining, while preservation means protecting nature from human use.
    • The Best example could be the provision of limited individual use for non-commercial purposes of forest resources, allowed to the traditional dwellers, in the case of a Wildlife Sanctuary. 
  • Whereas, in the case of national parks, they are inviolable zones and nothing can be picked from the reserved forest area through such anthropogenic activities that may affect the environment. 
  • They are both declared under the Wildlife Act (Protection), 1972 in India.


  • The World Nature Conservation Day 2022 is observed with the theme “Living Sustainably in Harmony with Nature.” 
    • This theme is set with the aim to make our environment sustainable. It is celebrated to keep them naturally healthy and safe. 
  • World Nature Conservation Day 2021 was celebrated with the theme “Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet.” 

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