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Freedom of Navigation in Indian Ocean

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    World Affairs
  • Published
    5th Sep, 2020
  • Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) of India said that India wants the Quad to become a system to “ensure Freedom of Navigation (FoN) and Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPS)” in the Indian Ocean, while highlighting the threat of a combined challenge from Pakistan and China on two fronts.
  • The full form of ‘Quad’ is Quadrilateral Security Dialogue.
  • It is an informal strategic dialogue between four countries i.e. United States, Japan, Australia and India.
  • The idea of Quad or Quadrilateral grouping was first proposed by Japanese prime minister in 2007.
  • Quad was ceased following the withdrawal of Australia. However, during the 2017 ASEAN Summits, all four former members re-joined in negotiations to revive the quadrilateral alliance.
  • It underlines the rising significance of maritime geopolitics in an increasingly integrated world.
  • The Quad grouping is regarded as an answer to China’s Belt and Road Initiative, which is establishing a China-centric trade route.

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