A new study has revealed that the intensity of cyclones, hurricanes, and typhoons could increase in the next century due to global warming.
Key findings of the Study
- There could be a 5% increase in maximum cyclonic wind speeds if the world temperature increases by 2 degrees by 2100.
- The wind speeds of a cyclone can go at more than 300 kilometers per hour.
- Rising seawater levels will likely intensify the intensity of the storm.
- Rapid intensification can cause unpredictability in its behavior.
- Countries that had never felt the impacts of cyclones might start witnessing them.
- The amount of rainfall caused by the storms might also increase by an average of 14%.
Rapid intensification: It occurs due to an increase of maximum sustained winds of a cyclone by at least 55 kilometers per hour within 24 hours.
Impact of global warming on Indian Ocean region
- Arabian Sea: The chances of cyclonic disturbances on the sea surface which are the low-pressure areas, transforming into cyclones have increased.
- This occurs due to the decrease in vertical wind shear which is localized winds around a cyclone in the vertical direction.
- Bay of Bengal: The number of cyclones to become severe cyclones had increased.
- This had happened because of low-level cyclonic vorticity which intensified cyclones.
- It is also referred to as wind gradient.
- It is a difference in wind speed or direction over a shorter distance in the atmosphere.
- Atmospheric wind shear is normally two types: vertical or horizontal
- It is a clockwise or counterclockwise spin in the troposphere.
- Vertical vorticity: This vorticity is caused by troughs and ridges and other embedded waves or height centers. A wind flow through a vorticity gradient will produce regions of PVA (Positive Vorticity Advection) and NVA (Negative Vorticity Advection). PVA contributes to rising air.
- Horizontal vorticity: Vorticity caused by a change in wind direction or wind speed with height is termed horizontal vorticity.