Mahendragiri: Odisha's second biosphere reserve
- Posted By
6th Apr, 2021
The Odisha government has recommended a second biosphere reserve within the southern part of the state at Mahendragiri, a hill ecosystem having an upscale biodiversity.
About the project:
- As per the feasibility report provided by the Biosphere Reserve Committee for the aimed project, the hill ecosystem is acting as a transitional zone between the flora and fauna of southern India and the Himalayas.
- This makes the region an ecological bay of genetic diversity.
- This move will give India its 19th Biosphere reserve and Odisha its 2nd.
About Mahendragiri Hills:
- The mountain is situated in the Gajapati district of the coastal state. The hill acts as a transition between South India and The Himalayan mountains.
- The hill habitats abundant biodiversity of plants and vegetation and are part of the Eastern Ghats.
- It is at a height of 1,501 meters. Mahendragiri hill is the second highest peak in the state.
- The hill is home to the Soura people, a particularly vulnerable tribal group. It also hosts the Kandha tribe.
- The exuberant flora in Mahendragiri represents about half of the reported flora of Odisha. The hill also has luxuriant vegetation.
- It is also one of the most visited trekking spots in Odisha.
Quick facts for Prelims
- The Similipal Biosphere Reserve in Odisha’s first biosphere reserve. It was notified in 1996.
- The highest mountain Peak of Odisha: Deomali