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New Jersey recognized the Guru’s 400th anniversary as the ‘human rights day

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    History & Culture
  • Published
    31st Mar, 2021

Context

The New Jersey Senate declares the 400th birth anniversary of Guru TeghBahadur, the ninth Sikh master as ‘Human Rights and Religious Freedom Day’.

About Guru TeghBahadur

  • Guru TeghBahadur was the ninth Guru of the ten gurus.

  • He sacrificed his life through execution in the hands of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1675.

  • His martyrdom is remembered as Shaheedi Divas of Guru TeghBahadurevery year on 24 November.

    • It is based on the Nanakshahi calendar which was released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committeein 2003.

About the Sikh Gurus

  1. Guru Nanak: He was the first guru of Sikhs and gave the first teaching and true meaning to Sikhism. He is known as the founder of the religion.
  2. Guru Angad: He was the second guru and popularized the Gurumukhi script.
  3. Guru Amar Das: He established the Manji and Piri System of religious missions. He also asked Akbar to ban the toll levied from non-muslim travelers.
  4. Guru Ram Das: He composed the four Lawans of the Anand Karaj which is a distinct marriage code for Sikh. He laid the foundation of Amritsar City.
  5. Guru Anjan: He was the 5th Guru and compiled the Guru Grant Sahib, the holy text of Sikhism. He was executed by Jahangir, the Mughal emperor.
  6. Guru HarGobind: He started the practice of the Sikh army – saint warriors.
  7. Guru HarRai: The 7th guru fought against the atrocities of Muslim rulers.
  8. Guru HarKrishan: He was the youngest and for the smallest duration. He died due to smallpox.
  9. Guru TeghBahadur: He was the second last guru and was executed by Aurengzeb.
  10. Guru Gobind Sing: He was the last guru and was assaulted by Wazir Khan, a Mughal emperor.