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New species of pipeworts

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    10th Oct, 2020
  • Scientists from Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), have recently found two new species of pipeworts in Maharashtra and Karnataka.
  • The one reported from Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra was named as Eriocaulon parvicephalum (due to its minute inflorescence size).
  • The other reported from Kumta, Karnataka was named as Eriocaulon karaavalense (named after Karaavali = Coastal Karnataka region).
  • The plant group known as pipeworts (Eriocaulon), which completes their life cycle within a small period during monsoon.
  • It exhibits great diversity in the Western Ghats, having around 111 species in India.
  • Most of these are reported from the Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas, and around 70% of them are endemic to the country.
  • Eriocaulon cinereum is well known for its anti-cancerous, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and astringent properties.
  • E. quinquangulare is used against liver diseases.
  • E. madayiparense is an anti-bacterial from Kerala.