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Sphinx and Muziris

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    10th Oct, 2020
  • A gemstone with a she-Sphinx and among other finds in Kerala provides linkage to ancient trade between India and the Roman Empire, through the port of Muzris.
  • A sphinx is a mythical creature with the head of a human, a falcon, a cat, or a sheep and the body of a lion with the wings of an eagle.
  • Muziris was a port city located on the banks of Periyar River between the 1st century BC and 4th century AD.
  • It facilitated trade between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean region.
  • Muziris was known as Emporia of the East and flourished after the Romans conquered Egypt.
  • Commodities exported from Muziris included spices, semi-precious stones etc.
  • The decline of the Roman Empire and a flood in the Periyar River in 1341 which silted the Muziris harbour are considered to be the reasons for the decline of Muziris port.

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