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Odisha’s Karlapat Sanctuary

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    17th Feb, 2021

Context

Six elephants died of haemorrhagic septicaemia in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha’s Kalahandi district within 14 days of time.

About Karlapat sanctuary

  • Karlapat sanctuary is spread over an area of 175 square km in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.
  • The sanctuary home to tigers, leopards, sambars, nilgais, barking deer, mouse deer and a wide variety of birds like green munia, great eared-nightjar and various reptiles, apart from elephants.
  • The forest consists of flora like Sal, Bija, Asan, Harida, Amala, Bahada and Bamboo and varieties of medicinal plants.
  • There are several small and big waterfalls inside the sanctuary like Phurlijharan, Ghusrigudi, Dumnijhola, Kamalajharan, Koyirupa, Kuang and Raja Rani.

What is Haemorrhagic Septicaemia?

  • Haemorrhagic septicaemia is a contagious bacterial disease which infects animals that come in contact with contaminated water or soil.
  • It is caused by certain serotypes of Pasteurella multocida, a Gramnegative coccobacillus residing mostly as a commensal in the nasopharynx of animals.
  • The disease generally spreads in the period right before and after the monsoons. It can affect cattle, buffalo and other animals. 
  • It can be transmitted by ingesting contaminated food and water or through respiratory secretions.