Odisha’s Karlapat Sanctuary
- Posted By
17th Feb, 2021
Six elephants died of haemorrhagic septicaemia in Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha’s Kalahandi district within 14 days of time.
About Karlapat sanctuary
- Karlapat sanctuary is spread over an area of 175 square km in Odisha’s Kalahandi district.
- The sanctuary home to tigers, leopards, sambars, nilgais, barking deer, mouse deer and a wide variety of birds like green munia, great eared-nightjar and various reptiles, apart from elephants.
- The forest consists of flora like Sal, Bija, Asan, Harida, Amala, Bahada and Bamboo and varieties of medicinal plants.
- There are several small and big waterfalls inside the sanctuary like Phurlijharan, Ghusrigudi, Dumnijhola, Kamalajharan, Koyirupa, Kuang and Raja Rani.
What is Haemorrhagic Septicaemia?
- Haemorrhagic septicaemia is a contagious bacterial disease which infects animals that come in contact with contaminated water or soil.
- It is caused by certain serotypes of Pasteurella multocida, a Gramnegative coccobacillus residing mostly as a commensal in the nasopharynx of animals.
- The disease generally spreads in the period right before and after the monsoons. It can affect cattle, buffalo and other animals.
- It can be transmitted by ingesting contaminated food and water or through respiratory secretions.