The “AadiMahotsav”, a National Tribal Festival is being organized by TRIFED, Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
- It is a celebration of the Spirit of Tribal Culture, Crafts, Cuisine and Commerce.
- It is an annual initiative that was commenced in 2017.
- The festival was an attempt to familiarise the people with the rich and diverse craft, culture of the tribal communities across the country, in one place.
- Due to the unprecedented circumstances caused due to the pandemic, TRIFED did not hold any AadiMahotsav in 2020.
Schedule Tribes in India
- It constitute over 8% of our population however, they are among the disadvantaged sections of the society.
- Article 366 defined scheduled tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this constitution".
- The Scheduled Tribes are notified in 30 States/UTs and the number of individual ethnic groups, etc. notified as Scheduled Tribes is 705.
- The tribal population of the country, as per 2011 census, is 10.43 crore, constituting 8.6% of the total population. 89.97% of them live in rural areas and 10.03% in urban areas.
- No community has been specified as Scheduled Tribe in relation to the State of Haryana and Punjab and Union Territories of Chandigarh, Delhi and Puducherry.
- Article 342 provides for specification of tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within tribes or tribal communities which are deemed to be for the purposes of the Constitution the Scheduled Tribes in relation to that State or Union Territory.
- In pursuance of these provisions, the list of Scheduled Tribes are notified for each State or Union Territory and are valid only within the jurisdiction of that State or Union Territory and not outside.
Characteristics of Tribes
The essential characteristics of these communities are:
- Primitive Traits
- Geographical isolation
- Distinct culture
- Shy of contact with community at large
- Economically backward
- TRIFED is ‘The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India’. It was established in 1987.
- It became operational from April 1988.
- The basic objective of the TRIFED is to provide good price to the products made or collected from the forest by the tribal peoples.