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77th anniversary of the formation of Azad Hind Government on 21st October, 2020.

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    23rd Oct, 2020

  • NetajiSubhash Chandra Bose had announced the establishment of the provisional government of Azad Hind in occupied Singapore in 1943.
  • Known as ArziHukumat-e-Azad Hind,it was supported by the Axis powers of Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany, the Italian Social Republic, and their allies.
  • The provisional government was also formed in the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 
  • The islands were re-occupied by the British in 1945.
  • Bose was convinced that armedstruggle was the only way to achieve independence for India.It drew ex- prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya (present-day Malaysia) and Burma (now Myanmar).
  • The Azad Hind government had its own court, civil code and currency.
  • Its provisional capital was Port Blair, while its capital-in-exile was Rangoon and Singapore.
  • Under the provisional government:Bosewas the head of the state, the prime minister and the minister for war and foreign affairsCaptain Lakshmi headed the women’s organization.
  • S A Ayerheaded the publicity and propaganda wing.
  • Rash Behari Bosewas designated as the supreme advisor. Bose’s death was seen as the end to the Azad Hind movement.
  • The Second World War, also ended in 1945 with the defeat of the Axis powers.

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