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At least 800 Olive Ridleys dead in Odisha since January

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    Environment
  • Published
    5th Feb, 2021

Context

At least 800 Olive Ridley sea turtles died, their carcasses washed ashore since January 2021, on the beaches of Odisha.

Reasons behind the deaths

  • Stucking in fishing nets
  • Presence of plastic, polythene and other hazardous material
  • Dumping of damaged material

Suggestions for reduction in deaths

  • Equipping trawlers with turtle excluder devices (TED)
  • Enforcing legislation to use TED in trawler nets
  • Preventing fishing in the prohibited zone
  • Enhanced vigilance

Olive Ridley Turtle

  • The Olive Ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
  • They inhabit the warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • These turtles are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
  • Conservation Status: The species is recognized as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red list.
    • Their products is banned under CITES Appendix I.

Major Sites of Olive Ridley Turtle

These are the five major sites where they are found;

  • Gahirmatha Beach, Odisha
  • Rushikulya River Mouth, Odisha
  • Devi River Mouth, Odisha
  • Marina Beach, Chennai
  • Velas Beach, Ratnagiri

Gahirmatha marine sanctuary

  • Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary is a marine wildlife sanctuary located in Odisha.
  • It is the world's largest nesting beach for Olive Ridley Turtles.
  • It extends from Dhamra River mouth in the north to Brahmani river mouth in the south.
  • It is very famous for its nesting beach for olive ridley sea turtles.