Newly launched ‘polluter pays’ principle for fly ash utilization
- Posted By
5th Feb, 2021
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) issued a draft notification last year for utilisation of fly ash by coal- and lignite-based power plants. Now some amendments are done in it.
What is polluter pays principle?
- The ‘polluter pays’ principle is the commonly accepted practice that those who produce pollution should bear the costs of managing it to prevent damage to human health or the environment.
- For example, a factory that produces a potentially poisonous substance as a by-product of its activities is usually held responsible for its safe disposal.
- The polluter pays principle is part of a set of broader principles to guide sustainable development worldwide (formally known as the 1992 Rio Declaration)
Changes introduced by the amendment
- It has extended the target year for achieving 100 per cent fly ash utilisation to another three to five years for power plants.
- Power plants have been given an extension of another 10 years to progressively utilise their legacy ash.
- Introduction of ‘polluter pays’ principle on fly ash utilization.
- Ash is the mineral matter left after burning coal.
- Fly ash includes substantial amounts micron sized earth elements of oxides of silica, aluminum and calcium.
- Element: Element like Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, lead etc. in trace amount.
- In a power plant, a major portion of the ash is carried off with flue gases (hence, the term fly ash).
- Usage: Fly ash is used to make bricks, blocks, tiles, wall panels, cement and other construction materials.
- Filteration method: It can be filtered using electrostatic precipitators.
India’s fly Ash Utilisation and control policy
- Taxation: GST rates on fly ash and its products have been reduced to 5%.
- Portal and Application: To facilitate 100% ash utilization by all coal based thermal power plants, a web portal for monitoring of fly ash generation and utilization data of Thermal Power Plants and a mobile based application titled “ASHTRACK” has been launched.
- Extention for usage: Earlier, use of fly ash was allowed within 100 kms radius of power plant, now it has been extended to 300 kms