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Forest cover loss threatens hornbills in Arunachal

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    15th Aug, 2020
  • A study based on satellite data has shown a high rate of deforestation in a major hornbill habitat in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Papum Reserve Forest (RF) adjoining Pakke Tiger Reserve and part of Assam affected by illegal felling and ethnic conflict.
  • Papum RF is a nesting habitat of three species of the large, colourful fruit-eating hornbills: Great, Wreathed and Oriental Pied.
  • The 862 Pakke reserve houses a fourth species, the Rufous-Necked.
  • Mostly dependent on tropical forest habitats with large and tall trees.
  • They are referred as forest engineers or farmers of forest.
  • India has nine hornbill species, of which four are found in Western Ghats: Indian Grey Hornbill (endemic to India), Malabar Grey Hornbill (endemic to Western Ghats), Malabar Pied Hornbill (endemic to India and Sri Lanka) and widely distributed but endangered Great Hornbill.
  • India also has Narcondam Hornbill, found only on the island of Narcondam.

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