Forest cover loss threatens hornbills in Arunachal
- Posted By
15th Aug, 2020
- A study based on satellite data has shown a high rate of deforestation in a major hornbill habitat in Arunachal Pradesh.
- Papum Reserve Forest (RF) adjoining Pakke Tiger Reserve and part of Assam affected by illegal felling and ethnic conflict.
- Papum RF is a nesting habitat of three species of the large, colourful fruit-eating hornbills: Great, Wreathed and Oriental Pied.
- The 862 sq.km. Pakke reserve houses a fourth species, the Rufous-Necked.
- Mostly dependent on tropical forest habitats with large and tall trees.
- They are referred as forest engineers or farmers of forest.
- India has nine hornbill species, of which four are found in Western Ghats: Indian Grey Hornbill (endemic to India), Malabar Grey Hornbill (endemic to Western Ghats), Malabar Pied Hornbill (endemic to India and Sri Lanka) and widely distributed but endangered Great Hornbill.
- India also has Narcondam Hornbill, found only on the island of Narcondam.