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Hoolock Gibbons

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    5th Aug, 2020
  • Hoolock Gibbons threatened with extinction in two Manipur districts.
  • The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family and are native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. North-eastern India is home to two ape species: eastern and western
  • hoolock gibbons.
  • Gibbons are diurnal (active during the day) and arboreal (live on trees).
  • Their diet consists mainly of fruits, insects and leaves.
  • They live together in monogamous pairs.
  • Threats (applicable to both): Deforestation for timber, forest fires and hunting.
  • Western Hoolock Gibbons.
    • Found in all the states of north-east India, restricted between the south of the Brahmaputra River and east of the Dibang River. Also found in Bangladesh and north-west Myanmar.
    • Western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist.

  • Eastern Hoolock Gibbons:
    • Inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and southern China and north-east Myanmar.
    • Eastern hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Redlist.

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