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India’s Three-Point Peace Plan for Afghanistan

  • Posted By
    10Pointer
  • Categories
    World Affairs
  • Published
    16th Jul, 2021

Context

India, at a meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), presented a three-point roadmap for peace in Afghanistan.

  • It is a part of the ongoing peace process after the announcement of US forces to leave Afghanistan.

About the Three-Point Peace Plan for Afghanistan

  • The three-point roadmap entails:
    • cessation of violence and terrorist attacks
    • settlement of the conflict through political dialogue
    • steps to ensure that neighbouring countries are not threatened by terrorism
  • India emphasized the Doha process, Moscow format and Istanbul process frameworks for dialogue to resolve the conflict in Afghanistan.

India Afghanistan Cooperation

  • Strategic Partnership Agreement, signed between Afghanistan and India in October 2011.
  • Salma Dam officially named the Afghan-India Friendship Dam, is a hydroelectric and irrigation dam project located on the Hari River in Chishti Sharif District of Herat Province in western Afghanistan.
  • The Indian government is investing more than US$100 million in the expansion of the Chabahar port in southeastern Iran which will serve as a hub for the transportation of transit goods.
  • India has also constructed a new Parliament complex for the Afghan government.
  • Memorandums of understanding (MOUs) for strengthening cooperation in the fields of rural development, education and standardisation was also signed.
  • In 2005, India proposed Afghanistan's membership in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation)

  • SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • The creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by  Kazakhstan, the China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003.
  • India and Pakistan became members of the organization in 2017.
  • The SCO's main goals are as follows:
    • strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states
    • promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other area
    • making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region
    • moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order