What is Einsteinium, the mysterious element named after Albert Einstein?
- Posted By
Science & Technology
9th Feb, 2021
- A team of scientists at the Berkeley Lab has reported some of the properties of element 99 in the periodic table called “Einsteinium”, named after Albert Einstein.
- Einsteiniumis a synthetic element with the symbol Es and atomic number 99.
- It is a member of the actinide series.
- It is the seventh transuranic element.
- It was discovered in 1952 in the debris of the first hydrogen bomb.
- It has been under-tested because it is difficult to create and is highly radioactive.
- Therefore, very little is known about this element.
What did the researchers find?
- The team worked with einsteinium-254, one of the more stable isotopes of the element that has a half-life of 276 days.
- The most common isotope of the element, einsteinium 253 has a half-life of 20 days.
- Because of its high radioactivity and short half-life of all einsteinium isotopesit has mostly decayed. This is the reason that it cannot be found in nature and needs to be manufactured.
How the research is significant?
- Functioning: Scientists find out how it bonds with atoms.
- Chemical analysis: Scientists can find out interesting chemical properties of other elements and isotopes that may be useful for nuclear power production and radiopharmaceuticals.