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Acharya Vinoba Bhave

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  • Published
    13th Sep, 2022


The Prime Minister paid tributes to Acharya Vinoba Bhave on his Jayanti on 11th September.

About Acharya Vinoba Bhave

  • He was born on September 11, 1895, in a Chitpavan Brahmin family at Gagoda village of the Konkan area of Maharashtra.
  • His Original name was Vinayak Narahari Bhave.
  • He was a freedom fighter and a spiritual teacher.
    • He dedicated his life to religious work and the freedom struggle.
  • He wrote Ishavasyavritti and Sthitaprajna Darshan in jail.
  • Gandhi chose him as the first participant in the individual satyagraha campaign in 1940. 
    • He always followed the path of truth and Non-violence, as guided by Mahatma Gandhi.
    • He participated in the activities at Gandhi's ashram, like teaching, studying, spinning and improving the lives of the community. 

Some of his works

  • The essence of Quran
  • The essence of Christian teachings
  • Thoughts on education
  • Swarajya Sastra

Political Efforts

  • Bhoodan Movement: In 1951, Vinoba Bhave started his land donation movement at Pochampally in Telangana, the Bhoodan Movement.
    • He took donated land from land owner Indians and gave it away to the poor and landless, for them to cultivate.
  • Gramdan:Then after 1954, he started to ask for donations of whole villages in a programme he called Gramdan. 
    • He got more than 1000 villages by way of donation. 
      • Out of these, he obtained 175 donated villages in Tamil Nadu alone.
  • Brahma Vidya Mandir: It is one of the ashrams that Bhave created. 
    • It is a small community for women that was created in order for them to become self-sufficient and non-violent in a community. 
    • This group farms to get their own food, but uses Gandhi’s beliefs about food production, which include sustainability and social justice, as a guide.
  • Sarvodaya Movement: Vinoba observed the life of the average Indian living in a village and tried to find solutions for the problems he faced with a firm spiritual foundation. This formed the core of his Sarvodaya movement. 
    • Sarvodaya is Gandhi's most important social political movement. 
    • Like Satyagraha, it too is a combination of two terms, Sarva meaning one and all, and Uday meaning welfare or uplift. The conjunction thus implies Universal uplift or welfare of all as the meaning of Sarvodaya.
    • Although Sarvodaya was a social ideology in its fundamental form, India’s immediate post independence requirement demanded that it be transformed into an urgent political doctrine. 


  • In 1958, Vinoba was the first recipient of the international Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership.
  • He was also conferred with the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1983.

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