Lancet published Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study
- Posted By
Polity & Governance
17th Oct, 2020
- In India, air pollution and high blood pressure among top 5 risk factors for deaths in 2019: Lancet
- Top five risk factors for death in India:
- Air pollution (contributing to an estimated 1.67 million deaths),
- high blood pressure (1.47 million),
- tobacco use (1.23 million),
- poor diet (1.18 million), and
- High blood sugar (1.12 million).
- Total Disease Burden:58% of the total disease burden is due to non-communicable diseases (NCD) — up from 29% in 199.
- The leading non-communicable cause of death in India in 2019 was ischemic heart disease with 1.52 million deaths, followed by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke and diabetes.
- leading risk factor for total health loss in India: child and maternal malnutrition while the second leading risk factor was air pollution.
- Life Expectancy: 70.8 years in 2019 — ranging from 77.3 years in Kerala to 66.9 years in UP.